Basic electronics are rooted to western science. But, they no doubt lie under the rubble that was once ancient Greece.
With the exception of the Greeks, ancient people had little interest in the structure of materials.
They accepted a solid as being just that a continuous, uninterrupted substance. One Greek school of thought believed that if a piece of matter, such as copper, were subdivided, it could be done indefinitely and still only that material would be found. Others reasoned that there must be a limit to the number of subdivisions that could be made and have the material still retain its original characteristics. They held fast to the idea that there must be a particle upon which all substances are built. Recent experiments have revealed that there are, indeed, several basic particles, or building blocks within all substances.
In order to learn about electronics and electricity fundamentals you must first start with the building blocks that make up the foundation. Trying to jump in feet first in the middle is like diving off a cliff into the deep unknown and hoping not to hit any hidden rocks. You are just setting yourself up for disaster.
Start out with a solid foundation and success will follow you as you learn from the bottom up.
This leads us to the very beginning of just how electronics
As you begin your journey on basic electronics I suggest starting with a tutorial on Matter and Plasma.
After you have read Matter and Plasma click on the highlighted link to view the next tutorial.
Elements and Compounds
Shells, Subshells, and Valence of an Atom
Energy Bands in an Atom
Energy levels of Electrons
What is Ionization?
What are conductors, semiconductors, and insulators?
What is Current?